Everyone loves a good pyramid anomaly, and geologist Robert Schoch (best known for his involvement in the 'redating the Great Sphinx' controversy) has posted an interesting curiosity on his Facebook page. During a tour group visit to the Giza plateau, Dr Schoch took some time to look at a strange patch of limestone not far from the pyramids, which appears to have been 'melted' by some strong heat source.
Schoch's interest - beyond pure curiosity - comes from his research into possible 'plasma events' in the ancient past, as discussed in his book Forgotten Civilisation: The Role of Solar Outbursts in Our Past and Future (he touches on the topic in this essay on his website as well).
In response to a commenter asking about the temperature needed to melt the rock, Schoch noted that it would require...
...around 1000 degrees C, depending on the specific composition and structure. A major plasma strike, lightning-like, could I believe cause what I saw -- but it still needs more study (I did not post the video, although I do not mind that it was posted as it gets people thinking about this important subject). This is a topic that I am currently researching.
Any other geologists out there want to add their opinion? Is this 'melted limestone' an oddity? And if so, what might be the source: ancient smelter, modern construction works, lightning strike, plasma event? Heck, while we're speculating (rather wildly), given the ancient Egyptians seem to have venerated meteorites, could it have been melted by a meteor strike?
Post your own theory in the comments....
Pyramids of Earth and Mars, and everything else in between...
- The giant pyramid hidden inside a mountain.
- Revealed: the gigantic, ancient monument found just two miles from Stonehenge.
- Plant and animal DNA suggests first Americans took the coastal route.
- Is undead smallpox re-emerging from Siberian graves as the permafrost thaws?
- We live life immersed in microbes.
- Secrets of the wood-wide web - in a London forest, a scientist named Merlin is eavesdropping on trees' underground conversations. (Rupert Sheldrake's son)
- The mystery noise driving the world mad.
- Could electrical stimulation of the brain help treat depression and Alzheimer's?
- Science snobs make us all stupid.
- Martians might be real - which makes exploration of the Red Planet way more complicated.
- Earth-like planet discovered orbiting Proxima Centauri.
- What are these strange hexagonal structures China is building on reefs in the South China Sea?
- Your coffee table needs this lavish collection of retro UFO pulp fiction art.
- Image of the Day: NASA retasks camera on Mars rover to photograph pyramid rock.
Quote of the Day:
Even when we are alone, we are never alone. We exist in symbiosis — a wonderful term that refers to different organisms living together. Some animals are colonised by microbes while they are still unfertilised eggs; others pick up their first partners at the moment of birth. We then proceed through our lives in their presence... Every one of us is a zoo in our own right — a colony enclosed within a single body. A multi-species collective. An entire world.
There are two types of 'space archaeology'. There's the type that documents space history - from our own fledgling efforts to travel beyond Earth, to searching for remnants of extraterrestrial civilisations - and then there is archaeology on Earth, done from space. The short TED talk above, in which Sarah Parcak outlines how her team used satellite data to find a lost Egyptian city, is on the latter.
Due to its length, the talk is very short on the details of her work, but Parcak's involvement at TED was for a very interesting reason: she was awarded the 2016 TED prize of a million dollars to further her great wish:
I wish for us to discover the millions of unknown archaeological sites across the globe. By building an online citizen science platform and training a 21st century army of global explorers, we'll find and protect the world's hidden heritage, which contains clues to humankind's collective resilience and creativity.
Parcak will use the funds to launch Global Xplorer, a 'crowd-sourcing' science platform, in 2017. Global Xplorer will enable anyone with a web connection "to discover the next hidden tomb or potential looting pit using satellite technology".
You can sign up for updates - and ultimately to become involved as a 'citizen scientist' at the Global Xplorer website. We've seen many stories in recent times about using satellite data to uncover lost ancient structures and cities (see the 'Related stories' links at the bottom of this post), so perhaps a truly paradigm-shifting discovery could be made in the near future by an 'arm-chair archaeologist' using just their computer.
Given the lack of information in the TED talk, to learn more about Sarah Parcak's work you can read read this Wired article from earlier in the year, or alternatively watch the embedded hour-long documentary below on Parcak and the emerging field of space archaeology.
A summary of all the stories and news briefs posted on The Daily Grail over the past week. Feel free to share anything interesting!
- Supercut of References to Movies of the 70s and 80s Made in Netflix's Stranger Things
- News Briefs 08-08-2016 (Monday)
- Special Effects Legend Douglas Trumbull Talks About How He Has Created a System for Capturing UFOs
- News Briefs 09-08-2016 (Tuesday)
- Tabby's Star: Is It Beginning To Look A Lot Like Aliens?
- News Briefs 10-08-2016 (Wednesday)
- ESP in EEG? Study Finds That People's Brains Show a Neural Spike When a Friend's Brain is Stimulated
- News Briefs 11-08-2016 (Thursday)
- Fear and Loathing In Russia: Artificial Intelligences Made To Feel Emotions
- News Briefs 12-08-2016 (Friday)
Have a good weekend!
“Nirvana is a state of pure blissful knowledge.”
- The reality of the Continuity Equation.
- Was Venus habitable?
- The flooded canyons of Titan.
- Solar storm nearly caused WWIII in 1967.
- Eternal sunshine of the spotless mice.
- Scientists create quantum computer.
- Ancient earthwork uncovered in Spain.
- Proton radius puzzle solution still elusive.
- Unraveling a historic scientific hoax.
- Timber-henge revealed.
- A 400 yr. old shark.
- Shade cast on chem-trails.
- When lightning storms strike…
- This week’s evidence of the looming robot uprising… Bot’ handwriting.
Quote of the Day:
“No self is of itself alone. It has a long chain of intellectual ancestors. The "I" is chained to ancestry by many factors … This is not mere allegory, but an eternal memory.”
If you're afraid of artificial intelligences, like Stephen Hawking and Elon Musk, the tables are about to get turned. Researchers at Kazan Federal University made an artificial rat brain feel fear and disgust, and they're hoping to model more emotions soon.
An interdisciplinary team led by Maxim Talanov are modelling emotional states in a simulated rat brain using Lővheim's cube of emotion. Along the three axes of the cube of emotion are the neurotransmitters dopamine, serotonin, and noradrenaline with eight emotions at its corners. According to this theory emotions arise as neurotransmitters fluctuate; for example high levels of dopamine but low serotonin and noradrenaline cause fear.
In the case of Talanov's artificial rat brain, emotions are simulated by redistributing computer power between data storage processes and decision-making. So far the easiest emotions to provoke have been disgust and fear. Talanov and his team are certain other emotions, like joy and excitement, will be simulated in 2-3 years.
Which raises some ethical issues about the status of artificial intelligences. If an A.I. feels the whole spectrum of human emotions, should we consider it conscious and afford the entity the same rights as us? Would a smartcar be considered culpable for murder because it felt road rage, its lawyer arguing "It was programmed that way" or hacked with a 'rage' virus?
Talanov acknowledges there's much more to be done since there's not enough computing power available to model the human brain. "This simluation is about a thousand times smaller than the real work of the cerebral cortex, and the brain only needs 20 watts of power to do its job" he told Nikita Statsenko of Rusbase.ru.
Maybe next time you hear someone peddling the horrors of A.I., take heart that they're probably just as afraid of you as you are of them.
You may also enjoy:
- Philosopher Says We Should Begin Planning Now, So That a Super-Intelligent A.I. Doesn't Kill Us All Off
- The Looming Robot Revolution
- A Modern Kōan Of Consciousness
Hang on tight fellow Grailers, as we explore today's news briefs together...
- Mystery object in weird orbit beyond Neptune cannot be explained.
- Tabby's Star: is it beginning to look a lot like aliens?
- NASA accidentally sold a precious Apollo artifact.
- Will modern-day skyscrapers outlast the pyramids?
- A solar flare almost caused nuclear war in 1967.
- ESP in EEG? Study finds that people's brains show a neural spike when a friend's brain is stimulated.
- The case for treating near-death experiences like acid trips.
- A skeptical view of a recent study on spirit mediums.
- Girly Ghosthunters: how the first all-female paranormal investigation team made ghost-hunting history.
- Husband and wife married for 63 years die 20 minutes apart.
- Man wins lottery six days after surviving plane crash in Dubai.
- Hidden meanings in Hieronymus Bosch's The Garden of Earthly Delights.
- Please Michael Phelps, stop cupping.
- Wild crows found to possess tool-craft talent.
- Russian navy plans to make a city disappear using strange-smelling fog.
- Church plans to use drones to bomb Daesh in Syria...with Bibles.
- Image of the Day: Close-up of the hand of a 2000-year-old 'bog body'.
- Video of the Day: Drone-eye view of Stonehenge (no Bible-dropping).
Quote of the Day:
The real problem of humanity is the following: we have paleolithic emotions; medieval institutions; and god-like technology
ESP in EEG? Study Finds That People's Brains Show a Neural Spike When a Friend's Brain is StimulatedPosted by Greg at 02:04, 11 Aug 2016
Recent research into the neuroscience of social interactions between humans has revealed fascinating details of how the brains of friends and family (in scientific terms, brains that "operate at least in part on shared information content”) can synchronise and 'align' with each other. So, given the (controversial) results from parapsychology that suggest telepathy and other 'psi' talents might be real, is it possible that this 'neuro-resonance' can be detected even when two people attempt to mentally interact despite being blocked from doing so via normal sensory means?
That is the question asked in a recent paper titled "EEG correlates of social interaction at a distance". Subject pairs were included based on criteria of (a) mutual friendship of more than a decade, and (b) experience in meditation, in order to maintain prolonged, focused concentration.
The members of each pair were placed in two separate rooms approximately five meters from each other - with appropriate measures taken to block any sharing of sensory information - and their brains were monitored using electroencephalograph (EEG).
The 'Sender' was told to relax, think about the 'Receiver, and simply "mentally transmit what you perceive". During a 10 minute session, the Sender was given 128 'stimulations' of 1 second duration each, separated by pauses of random length lasting 4 to 6 seconds (in order to avoid predictable rhythms). These stimulations were "from a light signal produced by an arrangement of red LEDs, and a simultaneous 500 Hz sinusoidal audio signal of the same length."
The 'Receiver', sitting in their isolated room, was told to relax and be prepared to "receive stimuli" from their partner: "Your task is to mentally connect with him/her and try to perceive the stimulus he/she is receiving".
Over three days, data from 25 pairs of subjects was collected. The result: "a weak but robust response" was detected in the EEG activity of the 'passive' Receiver, "particularly within 9 – 10 Hz in the Alpha range...this signal was found to be statistically significant".
The researchers concluded that, while the study was clearly explorative...
...it is in agreement with the results observed in three different experiments by Hinterberger (2008) who observed an increase in the ERPs in the Alpha (8–12 Hz) band only in the related pairs of participants. If further confirmed, these findings would be of huge scientific importance because they provide neurophysiological evidence of a connection – or social interaction – at distance.
I have to say I get a little concerned when I see papers on these sorts of controversial topics say the positive results showed up only "when a new algorithm was applied to the EEG activity". But certainly an interesting study all the same, worth more detailed and careful investigation.
(via Dr Carlos Alvarado)
You might also like:
Events and accidents?
- Piltdown Man hoax findings: Charles Dawson the likely fraudster.
- Alexander Dugin and the perils of immanentized eschatology.
- New dates for the oldest cave paintings.
- There's growing evidence that Venus was once habitable.
- Scientists discover light could exist in a previously unknown form.
- And a new type of fire.
- Sprinkling of neural dust opens door to electroceuticals.
- Shifting sands reveal petroglyphs on a Hawaiian beach.
- Study confirms high sex is better than drunk sex.
- We might live in a virtual universe — but does it really matter?
- Human-Neanderthal gene variance is involved in autism.
- The strangest creature just got unearthed from a Siberian diamond mine.
- Stone tools show evidence of processing animals 250,000 years ago.
- Baby born inside amniotic sac.
- The strange annual folk rituals of 1970s Britain.
- Hugh Grant hired actual Ghostbusters to exorcise his house.
Quote of the Day:
My life seemed to be a series of events and accidents. Yet when I look back I see a pattern.
The mystery surrounding Tabby's Star just ratched up another notch. Or down, considering the data outlined in Benjamin Montet and Joshua Simon's latest submission to the arXiv, "KIC 8462852 Faded Throughout The Kepler Mission". Everyone's favorite "megastructure" star continues to confound mainstream astronomers and the taboo of last resort, aliens, is still on the table.
Montet and Simon discovered KIC 8462852, a.k.a. Tabby's Star, dimmed by 2.5% over the course of Kepler's mission to survey the heavens for alien planets. The data lends support to Bradley Schafer's conclusion  that Tabby's Star steadily dimmed from 1890 to 1989. What everyone and their telescope are getting excited about is the rate of dimming has been increasing according to the Kepler data.
If the rate of dimming increases, this could be the product of self-replicating machines or von Neumann devices tasked to build this putative alien megastructure. When I looked at Montet and Simon's graphs, I had an insight on how they could suggest the possibility of self-replicating machines or aliens. Rather than charting the curve of the dimming light, but the 'growth' of material or machines causing the dimming, the a graph would show a sigmoid curve. In biology, sigmoid curves illustrate population growth [2, 3] through three phases of transitional and exponential growth before reaching a plateau. In this context transitional growth may be the dust of "construction crews" tearing apart an object for raw materials, followed by exponential growth as another segment of the megastructure is created, before plateauing as the 'bots travel to the next planetary or cometary resource a mere handful of astronomical units away.
The prospect of aliens, despite my speculation, remains unfalsifiable for now. But Montet and Simon do a handy job outlining the unlikely natural explanations most sane scientists would embrace. Astronomers have observed polar star spots on F-type stars like KIC 8462852, but those F-type stars are cooler and smaller in contrast. Also polar spots can't explain the short-term dips previously observed by Tabetha Boyajian, et al.. Some of the proposed transit events under suspicion for the star's dimming are even less likely.
For an optically thick transiting object, the 2.5% transit depth indicates a minimum radius of 0.15R* (Boyajian et al. 2016 estimate a radius of 1.58 R☉ for KIC 8462852). If the transiting body is in a Keplerian orbit, the extremely slow ingress time and long transit duration place it at the implausibly large distance of ~10 PC, with a transit possibility of ~10-9.
Fingers are crossed that the Tabby's Star observing campaign with the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network, currently underway after the successful Kickstarter, will capture one of the mysterious long transits. Should the cause is a solid object, like a megastructure, then the dimming of KIC 8462852's light would be achromatic. On the other hand if the culprit is dust and/or gas, then the starlight would redden.
Maybe in a year we'll know for certain if the alien hypothesis is still worth consideration. Perhaps some science fiction-types will find inspiration around Tabby's Star for another big dumb object to fit the mystery. In either case, our interesting times are becoming more interesting by the moment.
You may also enjoy:
- The Culture Next Door: Tabby's Star Remains Strange... And Unique
- Astronomers Discover Something 'You Would Expect an Alien Civilization to Build', and SETI Wants a Look
- New Developments Around KIC 8462852
- Kickstarter: Help Investigate the 'Most Mysterious Star in the Galaxy'
- Astronomy, Megastructures, SETI, and Synchronicity