Author and blogger (at Paranormalia) Robert McLuhan recently attended the annual conference of the Society for Psychical Research (S.P.R.) held at Swansea in Wales. Robert took along his video camera, and created the nice little travelogue above documenting the trip, as well as interviewing a number of parapsychologists and researchers - including Caroline Watt, David Luke and Richard Broughton - about the current state of psychical research and where the field is heading. Thanks Robert!
Our friend, dream researcher Ryan Hurd, sends word that he has a new book out - and what's more, he's partnered up with a Kickstarter campaign that's getting plenty of buzz (see above) to offer the book as one of the rewards at the $20 pledge level:
My new ebook is finally ready for pre-order. I'm talking about Dream Like a Boss (Book 1): Sleep better, dream more and wake up to what matters most.
So I have partnered with a new dream app company --SHADOW-- to manage an exclusive launch. You can't get the ebook on Amazon yet, only through the SHADOW fundraising campaign that began today.
SHADOW shares many of the values and goals I do, namely to help bring back dreaming as a valid way of knowing in this overly rationalized (but not exactly reasonable) world.
SHADOW is a smartphone app to help you remember, record, share and analyze your dreams. It's super slick and has a top notch team of dream researchers behind it (including me) as well as A-list designers and business advisors.
Together, we're gonna build the biggest open-source dream database in the world: and part of my job is to make sure we do it ethically, transparently, and with the blessings of the dream research community.
I encourage you to check out SHADOW's fundraising page on KickStarter. If you donate at the $20 level and choose one of the options with my name, you'll get access to Dream Like a Boss before anyone else, and you'll get early access to SHADOW as well.
As mentioned above, the Shadow app is getting plenty of coverage, including from Wired and Boing Boing (and now, *cough*, The Daily Grail). Funnily enough, I thought to myself a few years back that some sort of dream database would be an amazing thing well-suited to this age of mobile devices - so I will be interested to see how Shadow goes about implementing it (maybe I should actually act on my ideas sometimes!). It's very exciting to me - pulling this mass of data from our inner worlds and collecting it in a searchable database. The possibilities in terms of analysis are amazing, from a general feel for negative or positive mindsets, through to geographical differences in dreaming, and even perhaps to identify precognitive dreams.
I'll be putting myself down for $20, so that I get both the app and Ryan's new book!
The Princeton Engineering Anomalies Research (PEAR) laboratory, which ran from 1979 to 2007, was well-known as one of few centres in the world dedicated to studying parapsychological topics and the role of consciousness in 'creating' reality. Located at Princeton University’s School of Engineering and Applied Science, PEAR was run by Bob Jahn (Emeritus Professor of Aerospace Sciences and Dean Emeritus of the School of Engineering and Applied Science of Princeton University) and laboratory manager Brenda Dunne. Both Jahn and Dunne have continued the lab's legacy in recent years as International Consciousness Research Laboratories (ICRL), a not-for-profit organization.
Many of PEAR's experiments were designed around 'human-machine' interactions - "to study the potential vulnerability of engineering devices and information processing systems to the anomalous influence of the consciousness of their human operators" - and with PEAR's closing, these machines are now very much part of the history of psi research. As such, Bob Jahn and Brenda Dunne are looking to preserve the PEAR laboratory into the future as a museum, and are seeking funds via Kickstarter to achieve that goal:
The purpose of this project is to create an archival museum to preserve, display, and demonstrate the unique and attractive experimental equipment that served as the nucleus of the studies conducted at the PrincetonEngineering Anomalies Research laboratory.
Each device combined rigorous scientific controls with aesthetically attractive feedback displays designed to appeal to their human operators, who attempted to shift the means of these distributions in alternating directions. Thus, each qualifies as an example of kinetic art as well as a scientific research tool.
ICRL encourages seriously motivated young scholars and others who are challenged to explore the role of consciousness in physical reality. To this end, it is our hope that the successful completion of this project will enable us to continue to stimulate new scientific initiatives and pragmatic applications of consciousness-related physical phenomena for generations to come.
Full details about the project, including the rewards for various pledge amounts, can be found at the Kickstarter website. If you're interested in psi research, this one should be right up your alley.
James Randi calls him a fraud who tricks people with magic tricks of "the kind that used to be on the back of cereal boxes". Magical legend Jim Steinmeyer on the other hand says that he's "one of the greatest magicians of all time". Scientists at Stanford Research Institute believed he had real magic powers. Most of the public know him simply as the guy who bends spoons. But the documentary above, The Secret Life of Uri Geller, explores a different side to the controversial 'psychic' entertainer: his involvement with both Mossad and the C.I.A. Did they believe he truly had paranormal powers, or was he being used by one side or the other (or both) for their own ends? Well worth a watch, no matter where your opinion on the man lies.
Do identical twins share a telepathic connection? Could clairvoyance be used to win money at casinos? Does the future affect the past? These are some of the questions being put forward - and perhaps answered - at the 56th Annual Convention of the Parapsychology Association being held this weekend in Viterbo, Italy.
A common skeptical response to claims of telepathy or clairvoyance is to ask why, if such talents exist, are they not used to win money from casinos. Psi researchers Dick Bierman and Thomas Rabeyron decided to put the idea to the test, and began by running simulations of a 32 trial remote viewing experiment. They found that if a viewer was able to perform with an effect size of around 0.35, and used a simple red/black betting strategy, they could multiply their starting capital 10 times over. Consulting 17 actual experiments on remote viewing, the pair found that the data showed a mean scoring rate (in a binary situation) of around 63%, leading them to state that "if these results could be confirmed this would falsify theories that predict that it is impossible to use psi in a consistent and robust way". Perhaps with a bit of humour, Bierman and Rabeyron also noted that those sort of results could signal "the end of the financial problems in the field of psi research".
Another research project to be discussed at the convention is a piece of collaborative research between centres in Copenhagen, Gothenburg and London, in which identical twins who report "exceptional experiences of an apparent telepathic and synchronous nature" are being recruited for a future study. Researchers note that some promising results have emerged in experiments where one twin is monitored with psychophysiological sensors while the other (isolated) twin experiences random startle stimuli. A questionnaire found that 60% of twins surveyed reported exceptional experiences, with about 11% reporting frequent telepathic experiences, often concerning the bodily welfare of the other twin, while others reported shared dreams. Furthermore, identical twins reported having these experiences significantly more often than 'regular' twins. Researchers hope to use the survey, and other testing, to select a pool of twins whose future experimental results will give a larger effect size than has been achieved with psi experiments in the past. Whether they'll also be sent to Professor Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters is an unanswered question...
And in other experiment on the same theme as the widely reported precognition study by psychologist Daryl Bem (though not a replication), scientists found that research subjects reacted quicker to a symbol on the first time through the experiment, if they were shown the same symbol in the second phase. What's more, with the subjects split into two groups based on rational and intuitive thinking styles, it was found that the 'intuitives' were responsible for the entire effect! That group on its own showed an effect that, by luck alone, would happen only 1 in 1000 times.
Other papers to be presented at the convention include research into precognitive dreams, possible links between geomagnetic activity and psychic awareness, and correlations between psi abilities and schizotypy. You can read through the full list of abstracts and the convention program via the embedded PDF below:
Russell Targ is a well-known figure in the field of parapsychology, being a key figure (along with Hal Puthoff) in experimentation with techniques of 'remote viewing' in the 1970s. The talk above was given last month at the 'ExTED' conference "Brother Can You Spare a Paradigm" (formerly TEDxWestHollywood until TED withdrew their support in the wake of last month's controversy) in Los Angeles. In the talk he regales the crowd with tales of his work with everyone from psychics like Pat Price to the military and C.I.A. Told with a nice dose of humour, it's a fun little talk that also acts as a neat introduction to this topic if you haven't read the books about it.
The University of Chicago Press is currently offering Stephen Braude's book The Gold Leaf Lady and other Parapsychological Investigations as a free ebook download.
For over thirty years, Stephen Braude has studied the paranormal in everyday life, from extrasensory perception and psychokinesis to mediumship and materialization. The Gold Leaf Lady and Other Parapsychological Investigations is a highly readable and often amusing account of his most memorable encounters with such phenomena. Here Braude recounts in fascinating detail five particular cases—some that challenge our most fundamental scientific beliefs and others that expose our own credulousness.
Braude begins with a south Florida woman who can make thin gold-colored foil appear spontaneously on her skin. He then travels to New York and California to test psychokinetic superstars—and frauds—like Joe Nuzum, who claim to move objects using only their minds. Along the way, Braude also investigates the startling allegations of K.R., a policeman in Annapolis who believes he can transfer images from photographs onto other objects—including his own body—and Ted Serios, a deceased Chicago elevator operator who could make a variety of different images appear on Polaroid film. Ultimately, Braude considers his wife’s surprisingly fruitful experiments with astrology, which she has used to guide professional soccer teams to the top of their leagues, as well as his own personal experiences with synchronicity—a phenomenon, he argues, that may need to be explained in terms of a refined, extensive, and dramatic form of psychokinesis.
Heady, provocative, and brimming with eye-opening details and suggestions, The Gold Leaf Lady and Other Parapsychological Investigations will intrigue both adherents and detractors of its controversial subject matter alike.
For all you old-schoolers, the hardcover of The Gold Leaf Lady is available from Amazon.com (I have it, and it's excellent).
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Another nicely done piece by Jason Silva, though my phlegmatic personality sometimes wants him to just chill a bit and get some of those concepts across without the adrenalin-infused hype and activity.
Created by Jason Silva in collaboration with CITIZEN. Follow Jason on twitter @JASONSILVA
This video is a non-commercial work created to inspire, made for educational purposes, inspired by the ideas of Douglas Hofstadter explored in the magnificent book GODEL, ESCHER, BACH: An Eternal Golden Braid.
It offers my interpretation of Strange Loops of Self Reference, recursion, and the emergence of consciousness and self-awareness:
"To Hofstadter, the human mind is a bright, shimmering, self-sustaining miracle of philosophical bootstrappery" - Lev Grossman.
"You know something. What you know you can't explain, but you feel it. You've felt it your whole life" - The Matrix
It is also inspired by some of the writing of Erik Davis in Techgnosis.com about the hero's journey taken by NEO in the Matrix in order to understand who he is:
"Neo must then face his own Cartesian "passage through madness," melting into a mirror that alludes not only to Lewis Carroll but to the mystic-psychotic collapse and disappearance of the externalized ego that stabilizes our inner void. As Neo phases out of the Matrix, he opens up, however briefly, the fractured bardo that is the secret thrill of every fan of the "false reality" genre: the moment when baseline reality dissolves but no new world has yet emerged in its pixelating wake. This is the most radical moment of the cogito, but it's tough to sustain."
It features the track "The Awakening" by Andy Quinn
Full credits for everything used in the remix at Vimeo.
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Well-known remote viewer Paul H. Smith has announced the passing of a (perhaps *the*) pioneer in the field, Ingo Swann, aged 79. A double degree graduate from Westminster College in Utah (in biology and art), Swann also served time in Korea in the U.S Army, before later pursuing a career in art and becoming involved with research into anomalous powers of the human mind:
Swann's active participation in parapsychology research began in 1969 when he was 36 years old. During the next twenty years he worked only in controlled laboratory settings with scientific researchers. Although he lectured widely on the importance of psychic faculties and potentials, he has never publicly demonstrated his abilities. Because of his participation in hundreds of thousands of experimental trials, author Martin Ebon wrote of him as "parapsychology's most tested guinea pig," and Psychic News and other media often refer to him as "the scientific psychic."
...In 1970-71 Swann experimented with Cleve Backster in attempting to influence plants by mental activity. In 1971-72 psychokinetic experiments involved successfully influencing temperature recorded in a controlled setting devised by parapsychologists Gertrude Schmeidler and Larry Lewis at City College, New York. this involved PK effects upon target thermistors (temperature measuring devices) in insulted thermos bottles at a distance of 25 feet from Swann...
Swann was also the subject of experiments in out-of-body travel, or psychic perception at a distance. These took place during 1971-73 at the American Society for Psychical Research. They involved Swann sitting in a chair and attempting to project his consciousness into sealed boxes on a small platform several feet above his head, in which there was a target symbol completely shielded from view. Swann was monitored by electrodes that would have recorded any movement from the chair.
Under these difficult laboratory conditions, Swann nevertheless scored significant successes in describing the targets. In one test he was actually able to state correctly that a light that should have illuminated the target was inoperative. There was no normal way of ascertaining this fact without opening the box.
In 1972-73, at the American Society for Psychical Research, Swann began suggesting experimental protocols to test for the existence of mind-dynamic processes that would enhance ESP and Dr. Gertrude Schmeidler, he coined the term "remote viewing" to describe the experiments in which subjects attempted to view targets at a far distance. His original remote-viewing protocols were later utilized and expanded upon in collaboration with the researchers Dr. H.E. Puthoff and Russell Targ. Other laboratories ultimately repeated various kinds of remote-viewing experiments.
...Even in his retirement, Ingo Swann maintained an interest in the progress of our understanding of human mental functioning, and was an avid observer not only of the human condition itself, but of the inroads being made to discover the full potential of the mind. At the time of his death, on February 1, 2013, Ingo was well along in the process of creating a new book featuring his marvelous art work.
For more information, read Paul Smith's complete profile of Ingo Swann, and also check out Ingo's website biomindsuperpowers.com which features Ingo's thoughts on parapsychological topics, as well as some of his artwork.
Jeff Kripal is a Professor of Comparative Religion at Rice University. He's also the author of two absolutely fascinating recent books which touch on aspects of the paranormal, Authors of the Impossible: The Paranormal and the Sacred and Mutants and Mystics: Science Fiction, Superhero Comics, and the Paranormal. If those sound like topics you'd find interesting, then you'll probably enjoy this TEDx talk that Jeff gave in November 2012 on "impossible things":
There are complexities and wonderment in life we simply cannot explain. When we look to science and religion, we can't always find the answers. Have you ever experienced deja-vu, coincidences, or dreams that may have seemed real? Have you ever wondered what exactly qualifies as human consciousness? Reality vs. Abstract? So have we...join us...in a discussion to explore these and more paradoxical ways of thinking.
I strongly recommend picking up Jeff's books, I found both super interesting and catalysts to deeper thinking on these topics.