The following is an excerpt (#5 of 20) from:
"Jesus Among the Julio-Claudians"
copyright 2017 Charles N. Pope
Caesarion and the Game of Thrones
The heir of Alexander the Great had not been conceived until after his "near-death experience" in India. That heir, Alexander IV, was also not actually born until just after his father's staged death in Babylon.
By the time of his own ordeal at Alesia, Julius Caesar had already sired at least two royal princes. His election was secure, however in remembrance of Alexander he still wanted to produce an heir after Alesia and before his return to Babylon. By 55 BC, the famous Cleopatra had come of age and was designated as heir apparent to the throne of Egypt. In fact, Pompey and Crassus did not "throw in the (kingly) towel" until Cleopatra had reached the age of around 16 (in 54/53 BC). We must conclude that they had exercised the prerogative to test their fertility with Cleopatra before conceding the succession to Caesar. It does not appear Caesar was able to produce a child with Cleopatra either, at least not immediately. However, with the continued procreative failure of Crassus and Pompey, his succession no longer depended upon that.
In 51 BC, when Cleopatra reached the age of 18, she was made pharaoh of Egypt alongside the younger prince, Ptolemy XIII, who was also entering puberty by that time. However, when this match failed to produce any children, Ptolemy XIII was replaced by his younger brother Ptolemy XIV in early 47 BC. Caesar would have preferred to further secure his status by acquiring his first grandson, but when both Ptolemy XIII and XIV failed to deliver on that promise, Caesar wasted little time in siring another prince of his own. Caesar did not take the throne for himself until both brothers had been given reasonable opportunity to produce an heir. Ptolemy XIV was around 17 years of age when he was suppressed (not literally killed) in 45 BC.
Caesar's appearance in Cleopatra's Egypt was not unlike that of Alexander's visit to Queen Candace. Both included a princess abduction and rescue. Cleopatra was at least as eager to receive Caesar as Candace had been Alexander, and due to her young age she had to play the parts of both queen and princess. In the legendary carpet smuggling episode, Cleopatra managed to both abduct and deliver her own person to the new Alexander, i.e., directly to war-weary Caesar. As the story goes, Cleopatra became pregnant with Caesar's son, and like Alexander the Great, Caesar named this special prince after himself.
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