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Modified experimental vaccine protects monkeys from deadly malaria

Mon, 22/05/2017 - 1:10pm
Researchers have modified an experimental malaria vaccine and showed that it completely protected four of eight monkeys that received it against challenge with the virulent Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasite. In three of the remaining four monkeys, the vaccine delayed when parasites first appeared in the blood by more than 25 days.
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Sleep loss affects your waistline

Mon, 22/05/2017 - 12:11pm
Sleep loss increases the risk of obesity through a combination of effects on energy metabolism. This research will highlight how disrupted sleep patterns, a common feature of modern living, can predispose to weight gain, by affecting people’s appetite and responses to food and exercise.
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Air pollution may disrupt sleep

Mon, 22/05/2017 - 12:08pm
High levels of air pollution over time may get in the way of a good night's sleep, according to new research.
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Standardized assessment for students graduating from UK medical schools

Mon, 22/05/2017 - 12:08pm
A new study describes a standardized assessment that ensures that students who graduate from UK medical schools have achieved a minimum standard of knowledge and skill related to prescribing medications.
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Moderate drinking may not ward off heart disease

Mon, 22/05/2017 - 12:08pm
Many people believe that having a glass of wine with dinner -- or moderately drinking any kind of alcohol -- will protect them from heart disease. But a hard look at the evidence finds little support for that. That's the conclusion of a new research review in the May 2017 issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.
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Magnetic order in a two-dimensional molecular chessboard

Mon, 22/05/2017 - 12:07pm
Achieving magnetic order in low-dimensional systems consisting of only one or two dimensions has been a research goal for some time. Researchers now show that magnetic order can be created in a two-dimensional chessboard lattice consisting of organometallic molecules that are only one atomic layer thick.
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Practical clinical trials can help find alternatives to opioids

Sat, 20/05/2017 - 12:53pm
Pressures on primary care doctors to move away from opioid pain management are increasing, but practitioners need practical, evidence-based information on how to employ multidisciplinary pain care successfully in everyday clinical practice. A senior investigator believes wider use of practical clinical trials and more emphasis on patient self-management are key solutions for achieving wider use of multidisciplinary pain care to improve patient function and help lower use and misuse of opioids.
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Wearable Devices Communicate Vital Brain Activity Information

Sat, 20/05/2017 - 12:53pm
What can we learn about emotions, the brain and behavior from a wristband? Plenty, according to a prominent engineer.
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Patients' own fat tissue can help treat joint problems

Fri, 19/05/2017 - 7:35pm
A new device gently suctions, processes and uses a patient’s own fat tissue to provide a potential source of stem cells and growth factors to promote healing.
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Triple play boosting value of renewable fuel could tip market in favor of biomass

Fri, 19/05/2017 - 7:35pm
A new process triples the fraction of biomass converted to high-value products to nearly 80 percent, also tripling the expected rate of return for an investment in the technology from roughly 10 percent (for one end product) to 30 percent.
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Traffic-related air pollution linked to DNA damage in children

Fri, 19/05/2017 - 7:35pm
Children and teens exposed to high levels of traffic-related air pollution have evidence of a specific type of DNA damage called telomere shortening, reports a new study.
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Caution urged in using PRP or stem cells to treat young athletes' injuries

Fri, 19/05/2017 - 7:14pm
Physicians, parents and coaches should be cautious when considering treating injured young athletes with platelet rich plasma (PRP), stem cells or other types of regenerative medicine, says a nationally recognized sports medicine clinician.
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Insects resist genetic methods to control disease spread, study finds

Fri, 19/05/2017 - 7:14pm
Insects possess a naturally occurring resistance to the use of gene-editing technology to prevent diseases such as malaria, new research shows.
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First-ever global study finds massive health care inequity

Fri, 19/05/2017 - 7:14pm
A first-ever global study has found massive inequity of access to and quality of health care among and within countries, and concludes people are dying from causes with well-known treatments.
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Self-ventilating workout suit keeps athletes cool and dry

Fri, 19/05/2017 - 7:14pm
A breathable workout suit with ventilating flaps that open and close in response to an athlete's body heat and sweat has now been developed by researchers. These flaps, which range from thumbnail- to finger-sized, are lined with live microbial cells that shrink and expand in response to changes in humidity.
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Antibody for fighting cancer emerges

Fri, 19/05/2017 - 7:14pm
While studying the underpinnings of multiple sclerosis, investigators came across important clues for how to treat a very different disease: cancer. Researchers describe an antibody that can precisely target regulatory T cells which in turn unleashes the immune system to kill cancer cells. The team reports that the antibody decreased tumor growth in models of melanoma, glioblastoma and colorectal carcinoma, making it an attractive candidate for cancer immunotherapy.
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Top 10 new species for 2017

Fri, 19/05/2017 - 5:18pm
A spider and an ant with names drawn from popular books, a pink katydid and an omnivorous rat made ESF's list of the Top 10 New Species for 2017. Also listed: a freshwater stingray, a bush tomato that appears to "bleed," a devilish-looking orchid, a millipede with more than 400 legs, an amphibious centipede and a marine worm.
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Mapping super massive black holes in the distant universe

Fri, 19/05/2017 - 5:18pm
Astronomers have constructed the first map of the Universe based on the positions of supermassive black holes, which reveals the large-scale structure of the Universe.
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Older adults need tips on outdoor fall prevention

Fri, 19/05/2017 - 5:18pm
Many older adults have fallen outdoors but lack an understanding of the risks for falling and how to prevent them, warranting efforts for outdoor fall prevention, finds a new study.
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Storing a memory involves distant parts of the brain

Fri, 19/05/2017 - 5:17pm
In studies with mice, researchers discovered that to maintain certain short-term memories, the brain’s cortex relies on connections with the thalamus.
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