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Banned chemicals pass through umbilical cord from mother to baby, research finds

1 hour 29 min ago
Trace amounts of flame retardants, banned in the US for more than a decade, are still being passed through umbilical cord blood from mothers to their babies, according to new research. The chemicals are linked to health concerns including hormone disruption and low birth weight.
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Higher IQ in childhood is linked to a longer life

14 hours 19 min ago
Higher intelligence (IQ) in childhood is associated with a lower lifetime risk of major causes of death, including heart disease, stroke, smoking related cancers, respiratory disease and dementia, finds a new study.
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NASA keeps a close eye on tiny stowaways

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 10:32pm
Wherever you find people, you also find bacteria and other microorganisms. The International Space Station is no exception.
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Study of US seniors strengthens link between air pollution and premature death

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 10:32pm
A new study of 60 million Americans -- about 97 percent of people age 65 and older in the United States -- shows that long-term exposure to airborne fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and ozone increases the risk of premature death, even when that exposure is at levels below the National Ambient Air Quality Standards.
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Scientists identify cause, possible treatment for life-threatening gut condition

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 10:32pm
Investigators have discovered a genetic cause and potential treatment strategy for a rare immune disorder called CHAPLE disease. Children with the condition can experience severe gastrointestinal distress and deep vein blood clots. No effective treatments are available to ameliorate or prevent these life-threatening symptoms.
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Nanostructures taste the rainbow

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 9:21pm
Combining nanophotonics and thermoelectrics, engineers generate materials capable of distinguishing between tiny differences in wavelengths of light.
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Paving the way for promising treatment for hot flashes

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 9:21pm
Fifteen years ago, Dr. Naomi Rance was at work when she experienced her first hot flash. Rance, a physician and researcher, took note. As it turns out, her basic scientific research on estrogen's involvement with hot flashes may lead to a promising treatment for them.
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What's on your skin? Archaea, that's what

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 9:21pm
It turns out your skin is crawling with single-celled microorganisms -- and they're not just bacteria. A study has found that the skin microbiome also contains archaea, a type of extreme-loving microbe, and that the amount of it varies with age.
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Super-strong metal made for next tech frontier

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 9:21pm
Engineers have developed a strong, durable new material to help shape advanced MEMS sensors needed for the internet of things.
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How family and friends influence breast cancer treatment decisions

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 9:21pm
When a woman walks into the oncologist's office, she's usually not alone. In fact, a new study finds that half of women have at least three people standing behind them, sitting next to them or waiting at home to help.
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Biofuel from waste: Zeolite catalysts pave the road to decentralized chemical processes

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 9:21pm
Fuel from waste? It is possible. But hitherto, converting organic waste to fuel has not been economically viable. Excessively high temperatures and too much energy are required. Using a novel catalyst concept, researchers have now managed to significantly reduce the temperature and energy requirements of a key step in the chemical process. The trick: the reaction takes place in very confined spaces inside zeolite crystals.
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Mildly obese fare better after major heart attack

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 6:55pm
People who survive a major heart attack often do better in the years afterward if they're mildly obese, a study by cardiologists shows.
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Concurrent hot and dry summers more common in future

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 6:49pm
In the past, climate scientists have tended to underestimate the risk of a co-occurrence of heatwave and drought. This is the conclusion of one of the first studies to examine compound climate extremes.
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'Bulges' in volcanoes could be used to predict eruptions

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 6:49pm
Researchers have developed a new way of measuring the pressure inside volcanoes, and found that it can be a reliable indicator of future eruptions.
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More summer sunshine leading to increased Greenland ice melt

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 6:49pm
A marked decrease in summer cloud cover during the last 20 years has significantly accelerated melt from the Greenland ice sheet, a team of researchers has concluded.
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In Turkey, carved skulls provide the first evidence of a neolithic 'skull cult'

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 6:49pm
Three carved skull fragments uncovered at a Neolithic dig site in Turkey feature modifications not seen before among human remains of the time, researchers say. Thus, these modified skull fragments could point to a new 'skull cult' -- or ritual group -- from the Neolithic period. Throughout history, people have valued skulls for different reasons, from ancestor worship to the belief that.
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Engineers design a robotic gripper for cleaning up space debris

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 6:49pm
Researchers combined gecko-inspired adhesives and a custom robotic gripper to create a device for grabbing space debris. They tested their gripper in multiple zero gravity settings, including the International Space Station.
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Facial models suggest less may be more for a successful smile

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 6:49pm
Research using computer-animated 3-D faces suggests that less is more for a successful smile, according to a new study.
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Adolescent obesity linked to early mortality from cardiovascular diseases

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 6:48pm
While there is solid evidence that adolescent overweight and obesity are associated with coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke, less is known about the association between body mass index (BMI) and rarer cardiovascular diseases.
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Can antipoverty programs work globally?

Wed, 28/06/2017 - 6:48pm
Leaders of MIT's Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL), one of world's foremost centers for antipoverty research, have developed their own formal framework for thinking about this vexing question, over the last several years. Now, in a new article, two J-PAL directors have unveiled the lab's approach.
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