A deep-learning system to alert companies before litigation

Kurzweil AI - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 7:39am

(credit: Intraspexion, Inc.)

Imagine a world with less litigation.

That’s the promise of a deep-learning system developed by Intraspexion, Inc. that can alert company or government attorneys to forthcoming risks before getting hit with expensive litigation.

“These risks show up in internal communications such as emails,” said CEO Nick Brestoff. “In-house attorneys have been blind to these risks, so they are stuck with managing the lawsuits.”

Example of employment discrimination indicators buried in emails (credit: Intraspexion, Inc.)

Intraspexion’s first deep learning model has been trained to find the risks of employment discrimination. “What we can do with employment discrimination now we can do with other litigation categories, starting with breach of contract and fraud, and then scaling up to dozens more,” he said.

Brestoff claims that deep learning enables a huge paradigm shift for the legal profession. “We’re going straight after the behemoth of litigation. This shift doesn’t make attorneys better able to know the law; it makes them better able to know the facts, and to know them early enough to do something about them.”

And to prevent huge losses. “As I showed in my book, Preventing Litigation: An Early Warning System), using 10 years of cost (aggregated as $1.6 trillion) and caseload data (about 4 million lawsuits – federal and state — for that same time frame), the average cost per case was at least about $350,000,” Brestoff explained to KurzweilAI in an email.

Brestoff, who studied engineering at Cal Tech before attending law school at USC, will present Intraspexion’s deep learning system in a talk at the AI World Conference & Exposition 2016, November 7–9 in San Francisco.


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ExoMars Lander's Impact Site Revealed In Higher Resolution | Video

Space.com - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 7:27am
The lander impact site, heat shield, parachute and the back shell it was attached to have been imaged by the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter's HiRISE camera. The spacecraft crashed into the surface of Mars on Oct. 19, 2016.
Categories: Science

This Is the Best View Yet of Europe's Mars Lander Crash Site

Space.com - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 7:13am
Europe's ExoMars lander gouged out a crater 1.6 feet (0.5 meters) deep and nearly 8 feet (2.5 m) wide when it crashed into the Red Planet's surface last week, a new photo by a NASA Mars orbiter reveals.
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Review: Jaybird X3

Wired News - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 7:01am
If you like to jam out while you sweat, you'll want some headphones that can take the abuse. The post Review: Jaybird X3 appeared first on WIRED.
Categories: Science

The Future of Rockets: Q&A With Air Force Rocket Lab's Shawn Phillips

Space.com - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 7:00am
The U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) Rocket Lab plays a direct and extensive role in advancing rocket propulsion technology — but you'd never see its sticker on the finished engines.
Categories: Science

Rich People Pay Less Attention To Other People, Says Study

Slashdot - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 7:00am
An anonymous reader quotes a report from Business Insider: In a small recent study, researchers from New York University found that those who considered themselves in higher classes looked at people who walked past them less than those who said they were in a lower class did. The results were published in the journal of the Association for Psychological Science. According to Pia Dietze, a social psychology doctoral student at NYU and a lead author of the study, previous research has shown that people from different social classes vary in how they tend to behave towards other people. So, she wanted to shed some light on where such behaviors could have originated. The research was divided into three separate studies. For the first, Dietze and NYU psychology lab director Professor Eric Knowles asked 61 volunteers to walk along the street for one block while wearing Google Glass to record everything they looked at. These people were also asked to identify themselves as from a particular social class: either poor, working class, middle class, upper middle class, or upper class. An independent group watched the recordings and made note of the various people and things each Glass wearer looked at and for how long. The results showed that class identification, or what class each person said they belonged to, had an impact on how long they looked at the people who walked past them. During Study 2, participants viewed street scenes while the team tracked their eye movements. Again, higher class was associated with reduced attention to people in the images. For the third and final study, the results suggested that this difference could stem from the way the brain works, rather than being a deliberate decision. Close to 400 participants took part in an online test where they had to look at alternating pairs of images, each containing a different face and five objects. Whereas higher class participants took longer to notice when the face was different in the alternate image compared to lower classes, the amount of time it took to detect the change of objects did not differ between them. The team reached the conclusion that faces seem to be more effective in grabbing the attention of individuals who come from relatively lower class backgrounds.

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Long Dead Star's 'Heart' Still Beats In Creepy Waves | Video

Space.com - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 6:09am
Time-lapsed Hubble Space Telescope imagery of a supernova remnant in the Crab Nebula reveals 'wave-like' structures pulsating outwards from the spinning neutron star remains.
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Mystery of How the Moon Got Its Bull's-Eye May Be Solved

Space.com - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 6:00am
One of the biggest impact craters on the moon is mysteriously shaped like a three-ringed bull's-eye. After decades of deliberation, scientists said they may have finally figured out how those rings came to be.
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This Is Our Amazing Technicolor Cosmos

Space.com - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 5:56am
As seen with a radio telescope in the West Australian outback, the our universe resembles a psychedelic piece of pop art.
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Future Asteroid Miners Seek Solid Space Rock Plan

Space.com - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 5:26am
Once thought of as a pipe-dream, exploitation of the solar system's asteroids is being planned by a growing community of asteroid mining companies and scientists.
Categories: Science

It’s Not Just Clean Air: Electric Cars Can Save the US Billions

Wired News - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 5:00am
The healthcare and climate costs add up to $37 billion a year—for just 10 states. The post It's Not Just Clean Air: Electric Cars Can Save the US Billions appeared first on WIRED.
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Giant Metallic Asteroid Psyche May Have Water

Space.com - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 5:00am
The largest metallic asteroid in the solar system may have water on its surface, astronomers have found.
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How to Watch Apple’s October 2016 MacBook Event

Wired News - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 4:19am
Thursday October 27, Apple is putting on its fourth media event this year. The post How to Watch Apple's October 2016 MacBook Event appeared first on WIRED.
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Liveblog: All the News From Apple’s Big MacBook Event

Wired News - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 4:17am
Apple's line of portable computers is getting a much-needed refresh today. The post Liveblog: All the News From Apple's Big MacBook Event appeared first on WIRED.
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New Study Shows HIV Epidemic Started Spreading In New York In 1970, Clears the Name of 'Patient Zero'

Slashdot - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 3:30am
An anonymous reader quotes a report from NBC News: A new genetic study confirms theories that the global epidemic of HIV and AIDS started in New York around 1970, and it also clears the name of a gay flight attendant long vilified as being "Patient Zero." Researchers got hold of frozen samples of blood taken from patients years before the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes AIDS was ever recognized, and teased out genetic material from the virus from that blood. They use it to show that HIV was circulating widely during the 1970s, and certainly before people began noticing a "gay plague" in New York in the early 1980s. "We can date the jump into the U.S. in about 1970 and 1971," Michael Worobey, an expert on the evolution of viruses at the University of Arizona, told reporters in a telephone briefing. Their findings also suggest HIV moved from New York to San Francisco in about 1976, they report in the journal Nature. Their findings confirm widespread theories that HIV first leapt from apes to humans in Africa around the beginning of the 20th century and circulated in central Africa before hitting the Caribbean in the 1960s. The genetic evidence supports the theory that the virus came from the Caribbean, perhaps Haiti, to New York in 1970. From there it spread explosively before being exported to Europe, Australia and Asia. The Worobey team also sequenced samples of virus taken from Gaetan Dugas, a Canadian flight attendant named as "Patient Zero." Dugas died in 1984 and stunned researchers when he told them he'd had about 250 sexual partners a year between 1979 and 1981, although it later became clear that was not uncommon. The sequences make it clear he was a victim of an epidemic that had already been raging, and not its originator, Worobey said. "It's shocking how this man's name has been sullied and destroyed by this incorrect history," said Peter Staley, a former Wall Street bond trader who became an AIDS activist in New York in the 1980s. "He was not Patient Zero and this study confirms it through genetic analysis," Staley told NBC News. "No one should be blamed for the spread of viruses," Worobey said.

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Delta Now Lets You Track Your Baggage In Real-Time

Slashdot - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 1:55am
Let's face it, tracking down a lost bag at the airport is a pain-in-the-ass. While airlines will often compensate you with money and new clothes for your troubles, the experience is certainly not pleasant. Delta is now attempting to further reduce the number of lost bags through its real-time luggage tracker in the latest version of its mobile app. The Next Web reports: The feature apparently cost $50 million to build. It allows you to see where your stuff is -- provided that it's at one of the 84 airports that support Delta's new tracking tech. Here's how it works. All bags will get a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tag. This allows Delta to track them in real-time using radio waves. Scanners positioned throughout the baggage system will allow Delta to monitor where the bag is, and relay that information to the passenger. Delta has traditionally been one of the best airlines when it comes to handling baggage. During 2012, it lost only 200,000 bags. That sounds like a lot, but bear in mind it carried 98 million passengers during the same period. You can try the feature on your next Delta flight by grabbing the app from Google Play and the App Store.

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Apple Delays AirPods Beyond Original 'Late October' Window

Slashdot - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 1:25am
An anonymous reader quotes a report from Ars Technica: Apple's new wireless, $180 AirPods have less than a week to meet their original shipping target of "late October," and now the company has confirmed that such a launch is officially off the table. A Wednesday statement, given to Ars Technica just one day ahead of the company's latest Mac-related press event, confirmed Apple's decision to delay the wireless headphones' launch. In the statement, Apple tells Ars that the company "needs a little more time before AirPods are ready for our customers." "The early response to AirPods has been incredible," the Apple statement reads. "We don't believe in shipping a product before it's ready." Apple declined to offer any estimate or release window information about when to expect the AirPods' official launch.

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Tesla Posts Second Profitable Quarter Ever

Slashdot - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 12:55am
anderzole writes from a report via BGR: Tesla on Wednesday posted its earnings report for the quarter gone by and investors will have a lot to cheer about. While analysts on Wall St. were expecting Tesla to post a loss, Tesla during its September quarter actually posted a profit, and an impressive profit at that. When the dust settled, Tesla posted a quarterly profit of $22 million and EPS of $0.71. Revenue for the quarter checked in at $2.3 billion. Illustrating how impressive Tesla's performance was this past quarter, Wall St. was anticipating Tesla to post a loss amid $1.9 billion in revenue for the quarter. As far as deliveries are concerned, Tesla during the quarter boasted that it achieved record vehicle production, deliveries and revenue. More importantly, Tesla reaffirmed via a shareholder letter that the Model 3 is still on track for a late 2017 release. You can read Tesla's shareholder letter here.

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AI-Powered Body Scanners Could Soon Speed Up Your Airport Check-in

Slashdot - Thu, 27/10/2016 - 12:15am
An anonymous reader shares a report on the Guardian:A startup bankrolled by Bill Gates is about to conduct the first public trials of high-speed body scanners powered by artificial intelligence (AI), the Guardian can reveal. According to documents filed with the US Federal Communications Commission (FCC), Boston-based Evolv Technology is planning to test its system at Union Station in Washington DC, in Los Angeles's Union Station metro and at Denver international airport. Evolv uses the same millimetre-wave radio frequencies as the controversial, and painfully slow, body scanners now found at many airport security checkpoints. However, the new device can complete its scan in a fraction of second, using computer vision and machine learning to spot guns and bombs. This means passengers can simply walk through a scanning gate without stopping or even slowing down -- like the hi-tech scanners seen in the 1990 sci-fi film Total Recall. A nearby security guard with a tablet is then shown either an "all-clear" sign, or a photo of the person with suspicious areas highlighted. Evolv says the system can scan 800 people an hour, without anyone having to remove their keys, coins or cellphones.

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176 Original Emojis Join Van Gogh and Picasso At Museum of Modern Art

Slashdot - Wed, 26/10/2016 - 11:35pm
If you happen to walk through the Museum of Modern Art in New York between December to March of next year, you may see 176 emoji on display next to Van Gogh and Picasso. On Wednesday, the museum announced that Shigetaka Kurita's original pictographs would be added to its collection. Los Angeles Times reports: Nearly two decades ago, Shigetaka Kurita was given the task of designing simple pictographs that could replace Japanese words for the growing number of cellphone users communicating with text messages. Kurita, who was working for the Japanese mobile carrier NTT Docomo at the time, came up with 176 of them, including oddities like a rocking horse, two kinds of umbrellas (one open, one closed) and five different phases of the moon. He called them emojis. An estimated 74% of Americans now use emojis every day, nudging the written word to the side in favor of a medium that can succinctly and playfully convey emotions in a society often more adept at texting than talking. That marriage of design and utility prompted the art world to take notice. Museum officials say emojis are the modern-day answer to an age-old tradition of communicating with pictures. "Emojis as a concept go back in the centuries, to ideograms, hieroglyphics and other graphic characters, enabling us to draw this beautiful arch that covers all of human history," said Paola Antonelli, a senior curator at MoMA. "There is nothing more modern than timeless concepts such as these."

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