Evaluation of the use of human umbilical cord for in-utero spina bifida repair

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:46pm
Spina Bifida is a birth defect where there is an incomplete closure of the backbone and the coverings around the spinal cord. It affects more than 4,000 children born each year in the United States and is associated with hydrocephalus (fluid in the brain), developmental delay, lifelong disability and death. Spina Bifida is also associated with a need for shunt placement. In-utero surgery has been shown to reduce the need for shunting of hydrocephalus and to improve a child's ability to walk.
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Survey: Most women don't know age heart screenings should begin

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:46pm
When should women start getting heart screenings? A new U.S. national survey shows most women wait way too late.
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Comparing skin closure options for cesarean delivery

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:46pm
Researchers tested two types of sutures -- poliglecaprone 25 (monocryl® suture) and polyglactin 910 (vicryl® suture). Monocryl is an absorbable, single filament suture with low tissue reactivity which dissolves slowly and loses strength. Vicryl is an absorbable, braided suture with low tissue reactivity which dissolves quickly but maintains strength.
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Noninvasive ultrasound pulses used to precisely tweak rat brain activity

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:45pm
Biomedical engineers report they have worked out a noninvasive way to release and deliver concentrated amounts of a drug to the brain of rats in a temporary, localized manner using ultrasound.
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Image of the Day

Space.com - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:45pm
Most spiral galaxies like the Milky Way have a supermassive black hole at the center. But this spiral galaxy, named RX J1140.1+0307, is centered on a black hole with one of the lowest masses ever found in a galactic core.
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Sprint Purchases 33 Percent Stake in Tidal For $200 Million

Slashdot - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:40pm
Sprint has acquired a 33 percent stake in Jay Z's music streaming service Tidal, the two companies announced today. From a report: A source familiar with the matter tells Billboard that the purchase was for $200 million and that Jay and each of the company's two dozen artist-owners will remain part owners. As part of the deal, Tidal will become available to Sprint's 45 million retail customers, while the companies will partner for exclusives from its artists, according to a press release.

Read more of this story at Slashdot.

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Patients with severe chronic rhinosinusitis show improvement with Verapamil treatment

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:39pm
A clinical trial studying the use of Verapamil (a drug currently in use for cardiovascular disease and cluster headache) in alleviating chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) with nasal polyps revealed significant improvement in the symptoms of this subset of patients.
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Car crash-test dummies move beyond young, thin and male

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:39pm
Using medical data collected by trauma experts, elderly and obese dummies are being used to help car manufacturers create safer vehicles for today's drivers.
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Improving prognoses for a sustainable future

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:08pm
Whether it's electric automobiles, renewable energy, carbon tax or sustainable consumption, sustainable development requires strategies that meet people's needs without harming the environment. Before such strategies are implemented, their potential impact on environment, economy, and society needs to be tested. These tests can be conducted with the help of computer models that depict future demographic and economic development and that examine the interplay between industry and the climate. But computer models play a significant role in environmental policy, but offer only a partial picture of the industrial system, say experts.
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Quantum optical sensor tested in space for the first time, with a laser system from Berlin

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:08pm
For the first time ever, a cloud of ultra-cold atoms has been successfully created in space on board of a sounding rocket. The MAIUS mission demonstrates that quantum optical sensors can be operated even in harsh environments like space – a prerequisite for finding answers to the most challenging questions of fundamental physics and an important innovation driver for everyday applications.
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Your Android device's Pattern Lock can be cracked within five attempts

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:08pm
The popular Pattern Lock system used to secure millions of Android phones can be cracked within just five attempts -- and more complicated patterns are the easiest to crack, security experts reveal.
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National cluster helps companies tap on new 3D printing technologies

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:08pm
Tissue implants customized to a patient could soon be printed using a new type of 3D-printer, say developers.
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Codes of ethics cause problems for overseas operations

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:08pm
Corporate codes of ethics can have reverse effects and mask anomalies or social evils in operations outsourced to low-wage countries, suggests a new study.
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Transplanted neurons incorporated into a stroke-injured rat brain

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:08pm
Today, a stroke usually leads to permanent disability – but in the future, the stroke-injured brain could be reparable by replacing dead cells with new, healthy neurons, using transplantation. Researchers have taken a step in that direction by showing that some neurons transplanted into the brains of stroke-injured rats were incorporated and responded correctly when the rat’s muzzle and paws were touched. 
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Mummy visualization impresses in computer journal

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:07pm
Using visualization technology, visitors to the British Museum can reveal the murder of the mummified Geberlein Man, 5,500 years ago.
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New biomarker allows better prediction of survival for patients with colorectal metastases

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:06pm
Liver metastases are formed from cancer cells that have originated in other organs and migrated to the liver via the bloodstream. Colorectal cancer (cancer of the colon/rectum) can be successfully treated by surgical resection of the metastases in combination with chemotherapy. Now a research team has identified a new biomarker that allows better prediction of survival following surgical removal of the metastases, as well as a change in the clinical significance of the biomarker following chemotherapy.
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Discrepancy between the theoretical, experimental results of a system of biological interest is resolved

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:06pm
A piece of research has resolved the tautomeric equilibrium of a model system of great biological interest. The work was made possible by setting up a piece of equipment that they themselves developed to characterize sets of molecules in a very accurate way. The research has thus put an end to the controversy that existed between the prior experiments and theoretical calculations that yielded contradictory and inconclusive results.
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Getting closer to an effective treatment for Parkinson's

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:06pm
A study shows new mechanisms behind Parkinson's disease, which can be key mechanisms for future treatment. More than 10 million people worldwide have Parkinson´s disease.
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Conserved role for ovo protein in reproductive cell development in mice and fruit flies

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:06pm
Germline cells are the only cells that develop into eggs or sperm, while somatic cells develop into the body. Progenitors of the germline, known as primordial germ cells (PGCs), differentiate into eggs or sperm after embryonic development. The expression of a select group of genes occurs in the PGCs of a number of different animal groups, indicating a possible conserved mechanism of germline gene activation. Until now, it has been unclear if Ovo was needed for normal germline development of the fruit fly, or whether the related mouse protein played a similar role in mouse embryos.
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Can the donut-shaped magnet 'CAPPuccino submarine' hunt for dark matter?

Science Daily - Mon, 23/01/2017 - 2:06pm
Scientists have clarified that toroidal magnets can also look for axions, one of the particle candidates for the mysterious dark matter.
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