Ocean Currents Are Sweeping Billions of Tiny Plastic Bits to the Arctic

Slashdot - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 6:50pm
The world's oceans are littered with trillions of pieces of plastic -- bottles, bags, toys, fishing nets and more, mostly in tiny particles -- and now this seaborne junk is making its way into the Arctic. From a report: The plastic was discovered by an international team of researchers who circumnavigated the Arctic on a five-month journey aboard the research vessel Tara in 2013. They sampled the ocean water along the way, looking at plastic pollution. And though the plastic concentrations were overall low, they located a specific region located north of the Greenland and the Barents seas with unusually high concentrations. They published their results in the journal Science Advances this week. It seems that the plastic is riding up to the pole with the Thermohaline Circulation, a "conveyor" belt ocean current that transports water from the lower latitudes of the Atlantic Ocean toward the poles. "[A]nd the Greenland and the Barents Seas act as a dead-end for this poleward conveyor belt," Andres Cozar Cabanas, lead author of the study and researcher at the University of Cadiz, Spain, says in a press release.

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Categories: Science

Developer Publishes Patch To Enable Windows 7 and 8.1 Updates On New Hardware

Slashdot - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 6:10pm
Earlier this month, Microsoft locked Windows 7 and Windows 8.1 PCs running on select Intel and AMD processors from receiving future security updates. Now, a developer has found a workaround. From a report on ZDNet: The new patch, from a developer using the name 'Zeffy' on GitHub, may help people caught by Microsoft's update policy for PCs running older versions of Windows on hardware with Intel's seventh-generation Kaby Lake processors and AMD's recently released Bristol Ridge Ryzen chips. [...] Zeffy's patch promises to get around this situation, which stems from non-security updates released in March that added a function to detect the hardware's CPU generation. The developer notes that Microsoft's March 16 rollup updates for Windows 7 and Windows 8.1 contained one particularly offensive changelog entry. As reported by Ghacks at the time, the two preview updates stated: "Enabled detection of processor generation and hardware support when PC tries to scan or download updates through Windows Update."

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Categories: Science

Red Hat Suffers Massive Data Center Network Outage

Slashdot - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 6:10pm
An anonymous reader writes: According to multiple reports on Twitter, the Fedora Infrastructure Status page, and the #fedora-admin Freenode IRC channel, Red Hat is suffering a massive network outage at their primary data center. Details are sketchy at this point, but it looks to be impacting the Red Hat Customer Portal; as well as all their repositories (including Fedora, EPEL, Copr); their public build system, Koji; and a whole host of other popular services. There is no ETA for restoration of services at this point.

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Categories: Science

The Hidden Laborers Training AI to Keep Ads Off Hateful YouTube Videos

Wired News - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 6:08pm
As brands flee over their ads showing up next to hateful YouTube videos, Google turns to temp workers to help its machines recognize offensive content. The post The Hidden Laborers Training AI to Keep Ads Off Hateful YouTube Videos appeared first on WIRED.
Categories: Science

A Costa Rican Volcano Sees Its Biggest Blast in Years

Wired News - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 5:57pm
Poás in Costa Rica had its biggest explosion in years, while Etna keeps having a busy year and Nishinoshima wakes up for the first time since 2015. The post A Costa Rican Volcano Sees Its Biggest Blast in Years appeared first on WIRED.
Categories: Science

Diet Sodas May Be Tied To Stroke, Dementia Risk

Slashdot - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 5:30pm
Gulping down an artificially sweetened beverage not only may be associated with health risks for your body, but also possibly your brain, a new study suggests. From a report: Artificially sweetened drinks, such as diet sodas, were tied to a higher risk of stroke and dementia in the study, which published in the American Heart Association's journal Stroke on Thursday. The study sheds light only on an association, as the researchers were unable to determine an actual cause-and-effect relationship between sipping artificially sweetened drinks and an increased risk for stroke and dementia. Therefore, some experts caution that the findings should be interpreted carefully. No connection was found between those health risks and other sugary beverages, such as sugar-sweetened sodas, fruit juice and fruit drinks.

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Categories: Science

Leaked Document Sheds Light On Microsoft's Chromebook Rival

Slashdot - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 4:50pm
Microsoft has announced plans to host an event next month where it is expected to unveil Windows 10 Cloud operating system. Microsoft will be positioning the new OS as a competitor to Chrome OS, according to several reports. Windows Central has obtained an internal document which sheds light on the kind of devices that will be running Windows 10 Cloud. The hardware requirement that Microsoft has set for third-party OEMs is as follows: 1. Quad-core (Celeron or better) processor. 2. 4GB of RAM. 3. 32GB of storage (64GB for 64-bit). 4. A battery larger than 40 WHr. 5. Fast eMMC or solid state drive (SSD) for storage technology. 6. Pen and touch (optional). The report adds that Microsoft wants these laptops to offer over 10-hour of battery life, and the "cold boot" should not take longer than 20 seconds.

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Categories: Science

New discovery could aid in detecting nuclear threats

Science Daily - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 4:33pm
A new way to detect nuclear materials has been developed by researchers. Made of graphene and carbon nanotubes, the researchers' detector far outpaces any existing one in its ultrasensitivity to charged particles, minuscule size, low-power requirements, and low cost.
Categories: Science

New digital map shows changing racial diversity of America

Science Daily - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 4:33pm
A geography professor built the most detailed map of racial diversity yet to study the way America's neighborhoods are changing.
Categories: Science

Report recommends ways to improve response to toxic inhalation disasters

Science Daily - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 4:32pm
Better medical responses to the accidental or intentional release of inhaled toxic chemicals are being developed, but the field faces considerable challenges, according to a new report by an international panel of experts.
Categories: Science

Making bins more convenient boosts recycling and composting rates

Science Daily - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 4:32pm
Want to recycle or compost more? Try moving the bins closer, new research suggests. The study shows that placing bins 1.5 meters away from suite doors drastically boosts recycling and composting rates by 141 per cent. The findings highlight how small changes in convenience can have a big impact on performance.
Categories: Science

'The Farthest' Documentary Celebrates NASA’s Voyager Mission | Trailer

Space.com - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 4:21pm
The story of the historic probe's epic journey is told in the new documentary. Premieres Wed. August 23, 2017 on PBS.
Categories: Science

President Signs Commercial Satellite Weather Bill

Space.com - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 4:18pm
President Trump signed into law this week a weather bill that includes provisions formally authorizing ongoing commercial satellite weather data projects and a study of future weather satellite needs.
Categories: Science

New Off-Broadway Play Spotlights 'Almost-First' Woman in Space

Space.com - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 4:15pm
Decades before Sally Ride became the first American woman in space, pilot Jerrie Cobb was part of a private initiative to select and train female space fliers.
Categories: Science

Genius Bot: Chat with 'Einstein' Via Facebook Messenger

Space.com - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 4:11pm
Chat with "Albert Einstein" using a Facebook Messenger chatbot, released just in time for the March for Science.
Categories: Science

Bill Nye's Back to Save the World

Space.com - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 4:03pm
Science superhero Bill Nye plans to save the world by cultivating a superpower that exists in everyone: critical thinking.
Categories: Science

You’ve Never Heard of Tech Legend Bob Taylor, But He Invented ‘Almost Everything’

Wired News - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 4:00pm
Opinion: An appreciation of Bob Taylor, the man who helped Silicon Valley's greats understand the importance of teamwork. The post You’ve Never Heard of Tech Legend Bob Taylor, But He Invented ‘Almost Everything’ appeared first on WIRED.
Categories: Science

Louisiana's Governor Declares State Of Emergency Over Disappearing Coastline

Slashdot - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 4:00pm
Louisiana Gov. John Bel Edwards has declared a state of emergency over the state's rapidly eroding coastline. From a report on NPR: It's an effort to bring nationwide attention to the issue and speed up the federal permitting process for coastal restoration projects. "Decades of saltwater intrusion, subsidence and rising sea levels have made the Louisiana coast the nation's most rapidly deteriorating shoreline," WWNO's Travis Lux tells our Newscast unit. "It loses the equivalent of one football field of land every hour." More than half of the state's population lives on the coast, the declaration states. It adds that the pace of erosion is getting faster: "more than 1,800 square miles of land between 1932 and 2010, including 300 square miles of marshland between 2004 and 2008 alone."

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Categories: Science

Scientists to Stage Protest Marches Around the World on Saturday

Space.com - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 3:57pm
On April 22, people in hundreds of cities around the world will take part in the March for Science.
Categories: Science

New survey: Snapchat and Instagram are most popular social media platforms among American teens

Science Daily - Fri, 21/04/2017 - 3:33pm
A new nationally representative survey of American teenagers age 13-17 finds that teens have shifted their favored social media platforms and are now most likely to use Instagram and Snapchat. The study also found that while almost all teens -- 91 percent -- use the regular text messaging tool on their mobile phones, 40 percent of teens also use messaging applications like Kik, WhatsApp, or Line on a smartphone.
Categories: Science