Coast to Coast AM Archive: Bigfoot DNA Update

Cryptomundo - 16 hours 24 min ago
Listen to the archived program here on Cryptomundo! George Knapp will be joined in the first half by DNA expert Melba Ketchum, who will provide an update on her scientific study and DNA analysis from samples of possible Sasquatch hair. She will also talk about her recent field experiences with Bigfoot as well as how her work with Native Americans has validated a lot of the supernatural aspects ascribed to the creature. In the latter half, Lon Strickler, paranormal researcher and creator of the website Phantoms and Monsters, will share details about his encounter with Bigfoot and the Conewago Phantom, as well as discuss other cryptid news stories.
Categories: Fortean

Rupes-n-Dawks

Paranormalia - Mon, 01/09/2014 - 6:05pm
A thoughtful discussion by two of the most controversial figures of our day. Pleased to see Randi's Prize makes an appearance :)

www.paranormalia.com
Categories: Fortean

Vancouver Island Sasquatch Field Recording

Cryptomundo - Mon, 01/09/2014 - 5:25pm
Cliff Barackman posted this recording by the BC Sasquatch Organization on Vancouver Island.
Categories: Fortean

Aboriginal Perspective of the Yowie

Cryptomundo - Mon, 01/09/2014 - 1:49pm
An interesting recollection of experiences of both the larger Yowie and small hairy men, with an Aboriginal POV of the creatures at Mingela (between Townsville & Charters Towers) and Palm Island (North East of Townsville).
Categories: Fortean

The In-Betweeners

Paranormalia - Mon, 01/09/2014 - 10:42am
I read a great story in a private forum recently about Marcello Truzzi, the sceptic who co-founded CSICOP with Paul Kurtz and others, but fell out with them over their militancy. I don’t suppose anyone will mind if I retell it, but I won’t reveal...

www.paranormalia.com
Categories: Fortean

What is information?

Michael Prescott - Mon, 01/09/2014 - 12:51am

Over at Facebook I entered into a short dialogue about the question, "What is information?" It led me to do a little Googling and a little noodling.

I think there's a lot of understandable confusion about this question. It results from the different meanings assigned to the word information in different contexts.

In the context of everyday life, information basically means news. "Your flight has been delayed for an hour." "Okay, thanks for that information." When used this way, information is a function of awareness. There can be no information without someone—a conscious agent—who is being informed.

This is logical and commonsensical, but it's not the way the term information is used by information theorists. Here are a couple of online definitions.

From Merriam-Webster: the attribute inherent in and communicated by one of two or more alternative sequences or arrangements of something (as nucleotides in DNA or binary digits in a computer program) that produce specific effects. 

From Dictionary.com: (in information theory) an indication of the number of possible choices of messages, expressible as the value of some monotonic function of the number of choices, usually the logarithm to the base 2.

Here's the way I usually see it explained. Suppose you have a motion sensor that is set up to trigger an alarm siren if the electric-eye beam is broken. There are two possible states: State A (beam unbroken) and State B (beam broken). There are also two possible behaviors: Behavior C (no siren is triggered) and Behavior D (siren is triggered). A change from State A to State B will result in a change from Behavior C to Behavior D.

This simple system depends on information. The current state (A or B) is itself a datum of information. The change in states is also a datum. The data influence the behavior of the sensor mechanism—to trigger the siren or not trigger it.

Of course, the sensor is not conscious. Neither is the beam, nor the siren. Nevertheless, information is present here. It may not be what you and I would call information in a casual talk, but it is information in a technical sense.

An example from nature is the genetic code, which allows a cell to manufacture proteins by unfolding strands of DNA and copying sequences encoded there. There is no need to assume that the cell or its organelles are conscious; nonetheless, the coded sequences do constitute information (and a great deal of information, at that). Even if no conscious agent is aware of the existence of DNA, the coded information still exists and the cell still depends on it for replication and repair.

What's crucial to information is not awareness but alternatives. In the case of the motion sensor, there are two alternatives: State A and State B. In the case of the genetic code, there are nearly infinite combinations of the four basic nucleotides. The other important factor is that the alternatives lead to different results. If a change from State A to State B does not change Behavior C, or if any random sequence of nucleotides will yield the same protein as any other, then there is no (or minimal) information. In this limited sense, we can say that information has "meaning"—not meaning to a conscious mind, necessarily, but meaning because it affects the outcome of a system in specific ways.

This is just a lengthier way of saying what Merriam-Webster already said: information is "the attribute inherent in and communicated by one of two or more alternative sequences or arrangements of something (as nucleotides in DNA or binary digits in a computer program) that produce specific effects."

In this sense, there is information everywhere in nature. It can even be argued that, at root, the physical world just is information, pure and simple—in which case our consciousness perhaps does the work of "breathing fire into the equations" by rendering information as sensory images. There are many possible objections to this essentially Kantian view, of course.

Another possibility is that both the physical world and consciousness are emergent properties of an information matrix.

Yet another possible notion is that consciousness as such is something apart from information, something akin to the pure awareness of the Witness (the I-Thought); but individual consciousness is the I-Thought filtered through the prism of the particular information matrix associated with a given personality. In that case, we are all one (we share the I-Thought) but also are all different (we have different informational prisms that serve to individuate our consciousness).

The latter viewpoint is, I think, pretty close to what our commenter Matt Rouge has said on the subject. I suspect it offers at least a lead to the truth. But I could be wrong; I don't know for sure. 

I guess I need more information ...

Categories: Fortean

Coast to Coast AM Tonight: Bigfoot DNA Update

Cryptomundo - Sun, 31/08/2014 - 11:22pm
George Knapp will be joined in the first half by DNA expert Melba Ketchum, who will provide an update on her scientific study and DNA analysis from samples of possible Sasquatch hair. She will also talk about her recent field experiences with Bigfoot as well as how her work with Native Americans has validated a lot of the supernatural aspects ascribed to the creature.
Categories: Fortean

World of Mysteries – On the Trail of Bigfoot

Cryptomundo - Sun, 31/08/2014 - 8:49pm
Is there an unknown beast lurking in the forests of the American Northwest? Thousands of people say they've seen it. It is part ape, part man, almost nine feet tall, covered head to foot in thick dark hair, and it walks on two legs. It's sometimes called Sasquatch, a Native American word, one of more than eighty names they have for such a creature. More commonly it's known as Bigfoot. Could this beast be the fabled missing link that proves we humans are descended from apes? A link that if proved, would be explosive!
Categories: Fortean

Man Attacked By Sasquatch Near Hope BC

Cryptomundo - Sun, 31/08/2014 - 6:37pm
An altercation with a Sasquatch in 1943, left a man with permanent damage.
Categories: Fortean

Massachusetts Sasquatch Sighting

Cryptomundo - Sun, 31/08/2014 - 1:57pm
This is part 2 of the Betty's Neck sighting. This interview was made to verify and validity of the original interview, and to give a different perspective on the same event.
Categories: Fortean

Raging Sasquatch! A Violent Encounter

Cryptomundo - Sat, 30/08/2014 - 6:39pm
Peter Williams of Harrison Mills, was chased twice by the same sasquatch! This sasquatch attempted to destroy the man's cabin, chased him from his hunting grounds along with another man the same day!
Categories: Fortean

Female Sasquatch Seen On Roof Of Cabin

Cryptomundo - Sat, 30/08/2014 - 4:07pm
A resident of Coalmont BC sees a female sasquatch on the roof of an abandoned cabin, in 1986.
Categories: Fortean

Something in the Woods Trailer

Cryptomundo - Sat, 30/08/2014 - 1:35pm
An update on Something in the Woods, a new Bigfoot movie that was filmed in the Jefferson, TX area.
Categories: Fortean

SasWhat: Bigfoot Evidence

Cryptomundo - Sat, 30/08/2014 - 1:24am
Footprints, photographic, audio, and eyewitness testimony. We're assisted by some audio clips from much more eloquent individuals such as Dr. Meldrum, Grover Krantz, John Green and Rene Dahinden.
Categories: Fortean

Finding Bigfoot‘s Skeptic Believes Sasquatch is a Spirit Being?

Cryptomundo - Fri, 29/08/2014 - 9:47pm
Ranae Holland, resident skeptic on Animal Planet's Finding Bigfoot and field biologist, has a curious take on the Bigfoot phenomenon.
Categories: Fortean

Cryptologic Radio Archive: Bigfoot and the Big Thicket

Cryptomundo - Fri, 29/08/2014 - 7:50pm
Please join us this week as we welcome Felipe “Big Dog” Mendoza to the show. Felipe hails from south east Texas. He is a Bigfoot enthusiast with many years of experience in the field. We will be talking with Big Dog about his brief sighting that occurred a few years ago, his approach to field investigations that he conducts in and around the Big Thicket area of southeastern Texas, as well as his beliefs and theories regarding Bigfoot.
Categories: Fortean

Shipton Yeti Footprint Photos to be Auctioned

Cryptomundo - Fri, 29/08/2014 - 5:14pm
Four photos depicting the supposed footprints of a mythical creature known as the Yeti are currently for sale online.
Categories: Fortean

Yowie Photographed in 1936?

Cryptomundo - Fri, 29/08/2014 - 2:49pm
Is this an actual yowie captured on film?
Categories: Fortean

Hiker Films Sasquatch In Saskatchewan Park

Cryptomundo - Fri, 29/08/2014 - 12:22pm
A man hiking in Greenwater Provincial Park claims to have seen a Sasquatch and captured it on video. "The creature appeared in front of me. It walked upright and was completely covered in fur.
Categories: Fortean

Top 3 Sasquatch Videos!

Cryptomundo - Fri, 29/08/2014 - 1:27am
Over the past couple years, there have been plenty of compelling footage of possible Sasquatch, these videos are, in my opinion and based on your views and comments, the best of them all. You inspired this video! Enjoy! Thanks for watching! ~ The Bigfoot Project
Categories: Fortean